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1 Samuel

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Chapter summaries in 1 Samuel.

1 Samuel 1 – Hannah prays for a son; Eli blesses her; Hannah presents Samuel to the LORD.
1 Samuel 2 – Hannah prays in praise to God; Samuel ministers to the LORD. Eli’s sons are evil; Eli rebukes them and is himself rebuked by God.
1 Samuel 3 – God calls Samuel in the night and prophesies of Eli’s punishment for not restraining his sons; Samuel grows and is established as a prophet.
1 Samuel 4 – Eli’s sons die in battle with the Philistines and the ark of the covenant is captured; Eli dies upon hearing the news.
1 Samuel 5 – God wreaks havoc on every Philistine city that keeps the ark of the covenant.
1 Samuel 6 – The Philistines return the ark of the covenant.
1 Samuel 7 – The ark remains at the house of Abinadab and his son Eleazar. Samuel judges Israel; God defeats the Philistines for Israel.
1 Samuel 8 – Samuel’s sons pervert justice; the people reject God as king and seek a king; Samuel warns Israel of the consequences of a king.
1 Samuel 9 – Saul seeks Samuel’s counsel; God chooses Saul as king.
1 Samuel 10 – Saul is anointed, prophesies, and is proclaimed as king.
1 Samuel 11 – Saul delivers Jabesh-Gilead from the Ammonites; Israel confirms Saul as king.
1 Samuel 12 – Samuel reminds Israel of God’s goodness to them in spite of their faithlessness; he warns Israel of the consequences of rebelling against God instead of fearing and serving him.
1 Samuel 13 – Saul impatiently offers an unlawful sacrifice; Israel faces the Philistines in battle.
1 Samuel 14 – Jonathan kills 20 Philistines; the LORD confuses the Philistines, and Israel rises up and defeats them. Saul curses anyone who eats food, but Jonathan is spared. Saul battles Israel’s enemies.
1 Samuel 15 – Saul disobeys the LORD by not devoting spoil to destruction. The LORD rejects Saul as king of Israel.
1 Samuel 16 – God chooses David as king; Samuel anoints David and the Spirit of the LORD rested on him; David serves Saul as armor-bearer and musician.
1 Samuel 17 – Goliath taunts Israel; David kills Goliath “that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel, and . . . the LORD saves not with sword and spear.” Israel plunders the Philistines.
1 Samuel 18 – Jonathan loves David; David has great success in battle; Saul tries to kill David, and is in fearful awe of him; David marries Michal for a bride-price of 200 Philistine foreskins.
1 Samuel 19 – Saul seeks to kill David; David flees; Saul’s messengers, and Saul himself, seek David but prophesy before Samuel instead.
1 Samuel 20 – Jonathan warns David that Saul intends to kill him.
1 Samuel 21 – Ahimelech the priest gives David and his men holy bread; David and his men flee to Gath and David pretends to be mad.
1 Samuel 22 – David gathers 400 men to himself; Saul kills the priests at Nob for giving aid to David.
1 Samuel 23 – David saves the city of Keliah from the Philistines, and escapes Saul; Saul continues to pursue David.
1 Samuel 24 – David spares Saul when he enters a cave; Saul returns home.
1 Samuel 25 – Samuel dies; Nabal spurns David, but Abigail blesses David and averts his vengeance. God puts Nabal to death, and David takes Abigail and Ahinoam as wives.
1 Samuel 26 – David enters Saul’s camp and takes his spear and jar, sparing Saul; Saul returns home.
1 Samuel 27 – David lives among the Philistines in Ziklag, secretly making raids against other nations but pretending to have raided Israel.
1 Samuel 28 – Philistia goes to war against Israel; Saul visits a medium, who summons Samuel, who predicts Saul’s defeat and the death of Saul and his sons.
1 Samuel 29 – The lords of the Philistines send David home; the Philistine army goes up to Jezreel.
1 Samuel 30 – The Amalekites take David’s wives and property; David pursues and defeats them, restoring all his men’s family and property, even to those who were too exhausted to help. David sends gifts to the leaders in Judah.
1 Samuel 31 – The Philistines kill Saul’s sons; Saul is wounded and kills himself.

Written by Scott Moonen

March 11, 2008 at 3:57 am

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Ruth

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Chapter summaries in Ruth.

Ruth 1 – Ruth follows Naomi back to Bethlehem after the death of their husbands, embracing Naomi’s people and God.
Ruth 2 – Ruth gleans in the field of Boaz and finds great favor with him.
Ruth 3 – Ruth seeks Boaz at his threshing floor and asks him to redeem her.
Ruth 4 – Boaz redeems Ruth, taking her as his wife. They have a son, Obed, the father of Jesse, the father of David.

Written by Scott Moonen

January 4, 2008 at 3:57 am

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Judges

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Chapter summaries in Judges

Judges 1 – Further conquest by Judah, Simeon, Benjamin, Manasseh and Ephraim; failure to drive all Canaanites out of Manasseh, Ephraim, Zebulun, Asher, Naphtali and Dan.
Judges 2 – God preserves some Canaanites as a thorn for Israel. After Joshua’s death Israel pursues Baals and Ashtaroth; God sends judges to defeat their enemies but Israel repeatedly forsakes him.
Judges 3 – Othniel saves Israel from slavery to Mesopotamia; Ehud saves Israel from Moab, killing Eglon; Shamgar saves Israel from the Philistines.
Judges 4 – Deborah and Barak save Israel from Jabin and Sisera; Jael kills Sisera.
Judges 5 – Deborah and Barak sing of God’s mighty deliverance; Israel has rest for 40 years.
Judges 6 – Midian oppresses Israel; God calls Gideon; Gideon tears down the altar of Baal and gathers an army; God shows Gideon the signs of the fleece.
Judges 7 – God gives Gideon and his 300 men (once 32,000) victory over Midian.
Judges 8 – Gideon completes his victory, disciplines cities that would not help, makes and worships an ephod. After his death idolatry returns.
Judges 9 – Abimelech the son of Gideon rules with treachery and evil, killing his brothers and many others. After three years God brings his death.
Judges 10 – Tola and Jair judge Israel; God gives Israel into the hands of the Philistines and Ammonites.
Judges 11 – Jephthah challenges the Ammonites and defeats them, but makes a foolish vow and must offer his daughter to the LORD.
Judges 12 – Jephthah, Ibzan, Elon and Abdon judge Israel.
Judges 13 – God gives Israel into the hands of the Philistines; the LORD appears to Manoah and his wife and tells of Samson’s birth; Samson is born.
Judges 14 – Samson pursues a Philistine woman; she betrays him and he kills thirty Philistine men.
Judges 15 – Samson kills a thousand Philistine men, and judges Israel.
Judges 16 – Delilah betrays Samson; Samson kills three thousand Philistines at his death.
Judges 17 – Micah creates an idol and ordains one of his sons and a Levite as priests.
Judges 18 – The tribe of Dan captures land for themselves and takes the idol and the Levite for themselves.
Judges 19 – A Levite and his concubine are assaulted by the men of Gibeah; she is killed and the Levite sends pieces of her body to the twelve tribes.
Judges 20 – Israel defeats the tribe of Benjamin, who refuse to give up the men of Gibeah.
Judges 21 – Israel provides wives for the survivors of the tribe of Benjamin. There was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in his own eyes.

Written by Scott Moonen

December 23, 2007 at 5:49 pm

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Deuteronomy

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Chapter summaries in Deuteronomy.

Deuteronomy 1 – Moses explains the law to Israel before they enter Canaan. He recalls his appointing leaders and Israel’s former rebellion at entering the land.
Deuteronomy 2 – Moses recalls Israel’s wandering in the wilderness and Israel’s defeat of Heshbon.
Deuteronomy 3 – Moses recalls Israel’s defeat of Bashan; Reuben, Gad, and half of Manasseh’s possessing the land; and Moses’ being forbidden to enter the land.
Deuteronomy 4 – Moses charges Israel to obey God’s law, warns against idolatry, proclaims God’s greatness, and establishes three cities of refuge east of the Jordan.
Deuteronomy 5 – Moses repeats the ten commandments, and urges Israel to remain faithful to God.
Deuteronomy 6 – Moses commands Israel to love God, keep his commands and teach their children God’s commands; he urges Israel not to forget or to test the LORD, and again to teach their children to fear and obey the LORD.
Deuteronomy 7 – God commands Israel to utterly destroy the Canaanites, reminding Israel that they are set apart to the LORD, that God loves Israel and that his power will go before them.
Deuteronomy 8 – Moses again urges Israel to remain faithful to God, reminding them of God’s incredible goodness to them, and warning that they will perish otherwise.
Deuteronomy 9 – Moses warns Israel to take no pride in their victories, for God’s favor is not at all upon them for their righteousness; on the contrary, he reminds them of their many sins.
Deuteronomy 10 – Moses recounts God’s sparing Israel after the golden calf; he reminds Israel of God’s greatness, his goodness to them, and instructs them to fear, obey, love and serve the LORD, and also to circumcise their hearts.
Deuteronomy 11 – Moses urges Israel to love and obey God and to teach their children continually; he reminds them of the destruction of Pharaoh and entices them with rich promises and severe warnings concerning the fruitfulness of the land.
Deuteronomy 12 – Israel is to destroy all Canaanite places of worship, not seek after Canaanite gods, and bring worship and offerings to God in only one place; they may eat meat but not blood anywhere; they may not alter God’s commands in any way.
Deuteronomy 13 – Death is commanded for all who go after other gods, even to whole cities.
Deuteronomy 14 – Laws concerning clean and unclean food; tithes are commanded.
Deuteronomy 15 – The establishment of the seventh year, the year of release; firstborn livestock are to be dedicated to the LORD.
Deuteronomy 16 – Israel is to celebrate Passover, the feast of weeks, and the feast of booths; bribery and idolatry are forbidden.
Deuteronomy 17 – Death by stoning for doing what is evil; judges and priests are to adjudicate matters of the law; Israels kings are to remain humble and faithful to the LORD and his law.
Deuteronomy 18 – Provision for the Levites through tithes; laws against child sacrifice and divination; God will send prophets, but false prophets are to be put to death.
Deuteronomy 19 – Laws concerning the cities of refuge, property boundaries, and witnesses.
Deuteronomy 20 – Laws concerning war — the victory is God’s, sending men home, offering terms of peace, devotion to destruction, and care for trees.
Deuteronomy 21 – Laws concerning unsolved murders, female captives, inheritance, rebellious children, and hanging on a tree.
Deuteronomy 22 – Laws concerning fellow Israelites’ property, separation, and marriage.
Deuteronomy 23 – Laws concerning acceptance into the assembly, excrement, prostitution, interest, vows, and produce.
Deuteronomy 24 – Laws concerning marriage; miscellaneous laws ensuring justice.
Deuteronomy 25 – Laws concerning justice.
Deuteronomy 26 – A tithe is commanded after entering the land to recount God’s deliverance; summing up of Israel’s responsibility as God’s possession.
Deuteronomy 27 – An altar is to be built on entering the land; curses are also to be proclaimed and affirmed.
Deuteronomy 28 – Numerous blessings and curses are pronounced.
Deuteronomy 29 – Moses recounts God’s power, judgments and deliverance, warning Israel not to disobey lest God judge them.
Deuteronomy 30 – If Israel rebels but then repents, God will restore them. God’s commandment is not out of reach, but life and death are in it.
Deuteronomy 31 – Moses charges Joshua and Israel; God charges Israel.
Deuteronomy 32 – Moses sings of God’s greatness, faithfulness, judgment and compassion, in spite of Israel’s sin. God orders Moses to Mt. Nebo.
Deuteronomy 33 – Moses blesses Israel and praises God.
Deuteronomy 34 – Moses sees the land from Nebo, dies, and is buried by God. Joshua takes command.

Written by Scott Moonen

November 24, 2007 at 7:19 am

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Numbers

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Chapter summaries in Numbers.

Numbers 1 – Moses and Aaron take a census of Israel’s warriors, except for the tribe of Levi, which is to serve with and guard the tabernacle.
Numbers 2 – God describes the arrangement of the camp, with all tribes surrounding the tent of meeting.
Numbers 3 – The sons of Aaron. God claims the Levites instead of the firstborn, who must be redeemed; each Levite clan is assigned responsibility for part of the tabernacle.
Numbers 4 – God gives further detailed assignments for some of the clans of Levites.
Numbers 5 – God sends lepers out of the camp, establishes a pattern of confession and restitution for sin, and provides a test for adultery.
Numbers 6 – Laws concerning a Nazirite vow of separation to the LORD; “the LORD bless you and keep you…”
Numbers 7 – The leaders of Israel give offerings and sacrifices at the consecration of the tabernacle.
Numbers 8 – The Levites are cleansed for service to God; Levites are to serve from ages 25 to 50.
Numbers 9 – Israel keeps the Passover; the Passover is to be kept even by those who are unclean; God’s cloud covers the tabernacle and leads Israel.
Numbers 10 – Silver trumpets are made for signaling and celebration; Israel sets out into the wilderness for the first time.
Numbers 11 – The people complain and God provides meat, but strikes some down. God sets his Spirit on seventy men to serve Moses.
Numbers 12 – Miriam and Aaron oppose Moses, and God sends leprosy upon Miriam.
Numbers 13 – Spies are sent into the land, returning with its fruit, but inciting fear.
Numbers 14 – Israel complains, God is angered and Moses intercedes. God sends Israel into the wilderness for forty years, and those who try to enter the land lose the battle.
Numbers 15 – Reiteration of laws for offerings and unintentional sin; a sabbath-breaker is executed; God commands the wearing of tassels to remember the law.
Numbers 16 – Korah, Dathan and Abiram rebel, along with 250 other Levites; God destroys them and sends a plague on Israel. Moses and Aaron intercede.
Numbers 17 – God demonstrates his choosing Aaron by causing Aaron’s staff to bud.
Numbers 18 – The responsibilities, sacrificial portion, and inheritance of the Levites.
Numbers 19 – Laws for uncleanness and purification.
Numbers 20 – Miriam dies; God produces water from a rock, but Moses strikes the rock in unbelief; Edom refuses Israel’s passage; Aaron dies.
Numbers 21 – God sends fiery serpents to discipline impatient Israel, but provides a bronze serpent for healing; God grants victory over Arad, Ammon and Bashan, and Israel settles in Ammon and Bashan.
Numbers 22 – Israel camps in the plains of Moab; Balaam is sent to curse Israel but is diverted by God.
Numbers 23 – Balaam blesses Israel twice.
Numbers 24 – Balaam blesses Israel and prophesies against the Canaanite nations.
Numbers 25 – Israel is enticed to Baal worship by the women of Moab and Midian; God orders the Baal worshipers destroyed.
Numbers 26 – Moses and Aaron take a census of Israel’s fighting men, and the land is to be divided proportionally. All who had rebelled in the wilderness are dead except Caleb and Joshua.
Numbers 27 – The daughters of Zelophehad are to receive an inheritance; Moses commissions Joshua to lead Israel.
Numbers 28 – Instructions for daily food offerings, Sabbath offerings, monthly offerings, Passover offerings, and offerings for the feast of weeks.
Numbers 29 – Instructions for offerings for the feast of trumpets, the day of atonement, and the feast of booths.
Numbers 30 – Laws concerning the inviolability of vows, and a father’s or husband’s right to repudiate a woman’s vow.
Numbers 31 – Israel executes vengeance on Midian at God’s command.
Numbers 32 – Gad and Reuben and half of Manasseh take land east of the Jordan, but must help conquer Canaan.
Numbers 33 – A record of Israel’s wilderness journey; God commands Israel to drive out all the inhabitants of Canaan.
Numbers 34 – God establishes the borders of Israel and gives instructions for dividing the land.
Numbers 35 – Forty-eight cities apportioned to the Levites; six of these are cities of refuge.
Numbers 36 – Land is not to be inherited across tribal boundaries.

Written by Scott Moonen

October 9, 2007 at 6:34 am

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Leviticus

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Chapter summaries in Leviticus.

Leviticus 1 – Laws for burnt offerings of cattle, sheep, goats or birds.
Leviticus 2 – Laws for unleavened grain offerings.
Leviticus 3 – Laws for peace offerings of cattle, sheep or goats.
Leviticus 4 – Laws for sin offerings for unintentional sin for priests and Israel — a bull — and leaders and individuals — a goat or lamb.
Leviticus 5 – Some situations and accommodations for sin offerings; laws for guilt offerings of rams.
Leviticus 6 – Some interpersonal situations for guilt offerings; laws for the priests in conducting burnt, grain and sin offerings.
Leviticus 7 – Laws for the priests in conducting guilt and peace offerings; laws against eating fat and blood.
Leviticus 8 – Moses consecrates and ordains Aaron and his sons.
Leviticus 9 – Aaron conducts offerings for himself and Israel; the glory of the LORD appears to Israel and consumes the burnt offering with fire.
Leviticus 10 – Nadab and Abihu are consumed with fire for disobedience; further instructions for priests eating portions of offerings.
Leviticus 11 – Laws of clean and unclean animals.
Leviticus 12 – Laws for purification after childbirth.
Leviticus 13 – Laws for leprosy, burns, and contamination in garments.
Leviticus 14 – Laws for cleansing lepers; laws for contamination in houses.
Leviticus 15 – Laws for bodily discharge and for cleansing.
Leviticus 16 – The LORD institutes the annual Sabbath day of atonement after the death of Nadab and Abihu, involving sin offerings and a scapegoat.
Leviticus 17 – Sacrifices must be brought to the tent of meeting; laws against eating blood.
Leviticus 18 – Laws forbidding sexual immorality and child sacrifice.
Leviticus 19 – God is holy and requires his people to be holy; laws for interpersonal justice, and miscellaneous laws.
Leviticus 20 – Laws against child sacrifice, mediums, sexual immorality; God requires his people to be holy and separate.
Leviticus 21 – God requires his priests to be holy and clean.
Leviticus 22 – Laws concerning uncleanness and the holy things of the tabernacle; sacrifices must be without blemish.
Leviticus 23 – Feasts: the Sabbath, Passover, feast of first fruits, feast of weeks, feast of trumpets, day of atonement, and feast of booths.
Leviticus 24 – Lamp oil and bread for the tabernacle; death for blasphemy; an eye for an eye.
Leviticus 25 – Sabbath year and year of jubilee; redemption of property; kindness to fellow Israelites in poverty.
Leviticus 26 – Blessings for covenant keeping and severe discipline for covenant breaking.
Leviticus 27 – Laws concerning vows and tithes, and redeeming by adding a fifth to the value.

Written by Scott Moonen

September 27, 2007 at 3:04 am

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Exodus

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Chapter summaries in Exodus.

Exodus 1 – A new Pharaoh subjugates Israel into hard labor and seeks to kill all male babies.
Exodus 2 – Moses is spared; Moses kills an Egyptian and flees to Midian; God hears Israel’s cries.
Exodus 3 – God appears to Moses and calls him to lead Israel out of Egypt into Canaan.
Exodus 4 – God encourages and rebukes Moses, appoints Aaron, foretells Pharaoh’s hardening. Return to Egypt; Israel encouraged.
Exodus 5 – Plea to Pharaoah; work is increased. Displeasure with Moses and Aaron; plea to God.
Exodus 6 – God encourages Moses; Israel despairs. Generations of Israel; Moses despairs twice.
Exodus 7 – God encourages Moses, foretells hardening and deliverance. Sign of rod, plague of blood.
Exodus 8 – Plagues of frogs, gnats, insects; Pharaoh remains hardened.
Exodus 9 – Plagues of disease on livestock, boils, hail; God purposes to proclaim his name. Pharaoh remains hardened.
Exodus 10 – Plagues of locusts and darkness; Pharaoh remains hardened.
Exodus 11 – Israel finds favor with Egyptians. God plans to kill Egypt’s firstborn, “make a distinction” between the nations, display his wonders.
Exodus 12 – Institution of the Passover. Israel is sent out of Egypt, in haste with plunder.
Exodus 13 – Firstborn sanctified to God; God leads Israel to the Red Sea.
Exodus 14 – Pharaoh pursues Israel; Israel rebels, but God delivers them through the Red Sea and they fear God.
Exodus 15 – Israel praises God for their deliverance. Israel grumbles and God makes the waters of Marah sweet.
Exodus 16 – Israel grumbles; God provides quail and manna.
Exodus 17 – Israel grumbles and God provides water from a rock. Moses raises his hands for the battle with Amalek.
Exodus 18 – Jethro returns with Moses’ wife and children, and sacrifices to God. Jethro counsels Moses to establish able leaders.
Exodus 19 – Pentecost: God, holy and merciful, charges Israel to obey and live as his people.
Exodus 20 – On the basis of their deliverance, God commands Israel to obey ten commandments, promising blessing to all who remember his name.
Exodus 21 – Laws about slaves, murder and livestock.
Exodus 22 – Laws about livestock, theft, negligence, idolatry, injustice and honoring God.
Exodus 23 – Laws about lying and injustice, Sabbath year, Sabbath, feasts, sacrifice. Promise of victory in Canaan.
Exodus 24 – Confirmation of the covenant, with sacrifices; Moses on the mountain with God.
Exodus 25 – Instructions for giving; instructions for the ark of the covenant, table for bread, and lamp stand.
Exodus 26 – Instructions for the tabernacle.
Exodus 27 – Instructions for the bronze altar, courtyard, and lamp oil.
Exodus 28 – Instructions for the clothing and ordination of Aaron and his sons as priests.
Exodus 29 – Instructions for the consecration of Aaron and his sons by anointing and sacrifice; instructions for daily sacrifices.
Exodus 30 – Instructions for the altar of incense, census tax, bronze basin, anointing oil, and incense.
Exodus 31 – Bezalel and Oholiab gifted and called to fashion the temple and its implements; command to keep the Sabbath; giving of the tablets.
Exodus 32 – The golden calf; Moses intercedes; the sons of Levi destroy 3000, and God sends a plague.
Exodus 33 – God will not go with Israel from Sinai; Moses appeals, and asks to see God’s glory.
Exodus 34 – God proclaims his name to Moses and renews the giving of the covenant; Moses’ face shone.
Exodus 35 – Moses reviews Sabbath law; Israel donates to the tabernacle.
Exodus 36 – Bezalel and Oholiab oversee the construction of the tabernacle.
Exodus 37 – Bezalel makes the ark, table, lampstand, altar of incense, anointing oil and incense.
Exodus 38 – Bezalel makes the altar of burnt offering, the bronze basin and the court. Accounting of materials used in the tabernacle.
Exodus 39 – The high priest’s garments; Moses blesses the work.
Exodus 40 – The tabernacle is erected and consecrated; Aaron and his sons are consecrated. The glory of the LORD fills the tabernacle.

Written by Scott Moonen

September 27, 2007 at 3:04 am

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